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Vertigo: What is It and What can You Do to Do to End It?

Last updated 3 years ago

When the world seems to spin around you in a blur of dizziness, it may not be simply due to exhaustion or dehydration. Balance requires extensive effort from both the brain and its sensory receptors—the spinning sensation of vertigo is induced when any one part of that delicate process fails. Learn more about vertigo and how physical therapy can help by reading through this guide:

Causes of Vertigo

Most of cases of vertigo are caused by brain or inner ear complications. The most common causes of vertigo include:

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) – BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo, where inner ear crystals become dislodged, irritating the semicircular canals.
  • Inner Ear Complications – Head or neck trauma that causes inner ear injury can damage the mechanism that helps you balance.
  • Labyrinthitis – A viral or bacterial infection can cause inflammation within the middle ear, often inducing sudden vertigo and hearing loss.
  • Meniere’s Disease – Individuals suffering from this condition often have abrupt and severe vertigo.
  • Inadequate Cranial Blood Flow –Arteriosclerosis can cause diminished blood flow to the brain, leading to vertigo.

Symptoms of Vertigo

Unlike the faint feelings associated with lightheadedness, vertigo symptoms generally present as an abnormal spinning sensation or a loss of balance. Episodes of vertigo can last anywhere from minutes to hours, and often include symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abnormal eye movements, and sweating.

Treatments for Vertigo

The nature of the treatment often depends on the cause of the vertigo. Vertigo caused by BPPV or labyrinthitis can be effectively treated with physical therapy. Here at Spine and Sports Medicine, our physical therapists use Eply and Sermont maneuvers, where patients’ heads are moved through a variety of different positions to encourage the crystals or debris to move out of the irritated semicircular canal area.

Why continue to suffer from the debilitating effects of vertigo? Make an appointment with  SportsMed Physical Therapy to eliminate your vertigo symptoms. Call (201) 447-0346  to learn more about our practice.


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